Polytheism refers to any philosophy which claims that there are multiple supreme creators of the universe.
Keywords: Polytheism, Philosophy, Multiple, Gods, Irrational, False, Contradictory, Creation, Deductive, Argument From Reason.
Polytheistic claims are false .
Humans assume that all contradictions are false. Any worldview that does not allow for this assumption to be rationally justified is deductively false.
Premise 1: If anyone is not the author of every aspect of creation, then his authority is insufficient to rationally guarantee the behavior of creation.
Premise 2: Under polytheism, no one is the author of every aspect of creation.
Conclusion: Therefore, under polytheism, no one has the authority to rationally guarantee the behavior of creation.
Humans assume that creation is non-contradictory. Under polytheism, there can ultimately be no reason to hold to this assumption, making it an irrational assumption.
This Argument from Reason therefore demonstrates that polytheism is deductively false.
In Printed Form
Along with numerous other authors including Don Landis, Bodie Hodge and Roger Patterson, Timothy McCabe contributes analyses of various world religions and cults in this volume from Master Books.
"Does the biblical god "YHWH" tempt? Because it says in Gen. 22:11 that God tempted Abraham, and in James 1:13 it says "God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man? Which should I believe?"
Here are the verses in question from the NASB: Genesis 22:1 Now it came about after these things, that God tested (KJV - "did tempt") Abraham, and said to him, "Abraham!" And he said, "Here I am." James 1:13 Let no one say when he is tempted, "I am being tempted by God"; for God cannot be tempted by evil, and He Himself does not tempt anyone.
"Has God always existed and always will? If so, how did God design the universe if nothing existed to guide him and nothing existed for him to think about."
I don't think I completely understand your question. The question itself seems to presuppose some things that are not accurate, and so I'm not really sure how to answer it. If your basic question is "how did God design the universe?" then I can honestly tell you that I have no idea -- God didn't specifically tell us how He did it and I have never designed a universe myself, so I wouldn't know the first thing about it.
"If God really did create everything, how would anyone know?"
From a Christian perspective, we recognize that God created everything because He has told us that He did (Romans 1:19; Genesis 1; John 1:3; Colossians 1:16); indeed, apart from divine revelation, it is impossible to know anything at all. After all, since God created everything, and "everything" includes knowledge, our knowledge is ultimately created by God, and God's provision of knowledge to us is the very definition of divine revelation.